Table 3 - Elimination of Phonological Processes

 

Table 3
Elimination of Phonological Processes in Typical Development

Phonological processes are typically gone by these ages (in years ; months)

PHONOLOGICAL PROCESS EXAMPLE GONE BY APPROXIMATELY
Pre-vocalic voicing pig = big

3;0

Word-final de-voicing pig = pick

3;0

Final consonant deletion comb = coe

3;3

Fronting car = tar
ship = sip

3;6

Consonant harmony mine = mime
kittycat = tittytat

3;9

Weak syllable deletion elephant = efant
potato = tato
television =tevision
banana = nana

4;0

Cluster reduction

spoon = poon
train = chain
clean = keen

4;0

Gliding of liquids

run = one
leg = weg
leg = yeg

5;0

Stopping /f/ fish = tish

3;0

Stopping /s/ soap = dope

3;0

Stopping /v/ very = berry

3;6

Stopping /z/ zoo = doo

3;6

Stopping 'sh' shop = dop

4;6

Stopping 'j' jump = dump

4;6

Stopping 'ch' chair = tare

4;6

Stopping voiceless 'th' thing = ting

5;0

Stopping voiced 'th' them = dem

5;0

 


References


Bowen, C. (1998). Developmental phonological disorders. A practical guide for families and teachers. Melbourne: ACER Press.

Grunwell, P. (1997). Natural phonology. In M. Ball & R. Kent (Eds.), The new phonologies: Developments in clinical linguistics. San Deigo, CA: Singular Publishing Group, Inc.


See also


Table 1 Intelligibility

Table 2 Phonological Processes

Table 4 Phonetic Development

Inconsistency in Child Phonology

Speech and Language Development Index