The material on this website is all protected by copyright.

Copying material from here is against the law.

With a handful of clearly identified exceptions, the articles and resources here are the intellectual property of Caroline Bowen.



Assignments, articles, books, websites and other publications

You may refer to the information and quote from the articles on this site provided you include citations that allow your reader to identify Caroline Bowen as the author and to locate the original work here.

Citing websites, articles and other online sources

There are several appropriate ways to cite a website, article or other online source. To do so in APA Style, include the following information:

  • The name of the website in italics. The name of this website is speech-language-therapy dot com. When you cite it you might prefer to capitalise the first word, or the first three words.
  • The name of the article on the website. The names of articles on this site appear at the tops of pages in a brown font, immediately below the words SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST.
  • The author of the source (family name and initial(s)).
  • The date the website was created or when the particular online source was published (if known). You may wish to include the date that the online source was updated rather than, or as well as, the date that it was created. This information can be found immediately under the name of the article.
  • The date the source was accessed (i.e., the date that you accessed it).
  • The web site URL (the web address in full).


Author, N. (Date Published). Article name. Name of web site. [Retrieved] Date, [from] URL of Website


Bowen, C. (2011, Nov 12). Traditional Articulation Therapy. Speech-Language-Therapy dot com. Retrieved June 12, 2013 from

Bowen, C. (2011, Dec 2). Adult Communicative Styles and Encouraging Reticent Children to Converse. Speech-Language-Therapy dot com. Retrieved June 12, 2013 from

Personal use worldwide

You may reproduce, and distribute in print, material from speech-language-therapy dot com for non-commercial personal use in SLP/SLT clinical and education settings. The materials are also available for personal use by individual academics and clinicians for face-to-face teaching and clinical activities in non-profit organisations, social enterprises, universities and colleges. Such uses must include, whenever feasible, the copyright notice and/or a citation that appropriately acknowledges authorship. All other uses, including electronic transmission, cloud applications (Box, Cloud On, Copy, Dropbox, Google Docs, Hightail, Intermedia, Onedrive, etc.) or other uses on the World Wide Web, are prohibited without written consent.

Australian Copyright Act, Australian educational institutions, and CAL

The Australian Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) allows 10% of the number of words on this website to be reproduced and/or communicated by any Australian educational institution for its educational purposes provided that the educational institution (or the body that administers it) has given a Notice to Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) under part VB of the Act. For details of the CAL licence for educational institutions contact:

Copyright Agency Limited
Level 15, 233 Castlereagh Street
Sydney NSW 2000
Telephone: +612 9394 7600
Facsimile: +612 9394 7601
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Except as permitted under the Act (for example for the services of the Crown or in reliance on one of the fair dealing exceptions i.e. a fair dealing for the purposes of research or study) no part of this website may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, communicated or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission.

Please note that all copyright inquiries relating to this website should be made to the copyright owner, Caroline Bowen, who is a Publisher Member of CAL. Do not write directly to CAL.

Copy-and-Paste Plagiarism

Do not copy and paste information from this website, for any purpose, onto your own website or blog, or into listserv posts, discussion group posts, or onto message boards.


Do not upload any of the articles (web pages / html pages), worksheets (pdf pages), images, slide shows or handouts on this website to other websites, including intranets and the cloud. Do not send them to anyone as email attachments, or distribute them on USB flash drives (USB sticks; thumb drives) or the like. Do not link to any document or image with a .pdf, .ppt .pptx, .ppsx, .jpg, .png or .gif extension. Do not convert any of the web pages into .pdf files for any purpose whatsoever. Do not present any of the material on this site as your own work. To do any of these things is a violation of copyright.

Please read this before downloading pdf or pptx files

Please avoid downloading the same file multiple times as doing so increases my bandwidth usage and drives up the cost of maintaining this site. Choose a pdf or pptx file; download it once, and save it to a folder.

Video recordings

Do not upload videos of yourself or others administering any of the screening or assessment resource (e.g., The Quick Screener, The Qulck Vowel Screener) to the web (e.g., to Prezi Video, TikTok, Vimeo, YouTube, etc.) without prior discussion with Caroline Bowen. If you obtain permission, please add a notice reading "This video was uploaded with Caroline Bowen's permission" (or similar) and a link to the page where you found the resource (usually HERE).


You may save documents with .pdf, .pptx or .ppsx extensions to your own computer, modify them for your own use, print them and give them limited distribution as hard copies, for clinical and educational purposes - note, only as hard copies. You may link to any of the web pages on this site. You may 'show' (present) any of the slide shows to individuals or groups for educational and / or clinical purposes.

If in doubt

If in doubt, please contact Caroline Bowen.

Aviator oyna cox olk?l?rd? h?r gun daha cox populyarlasan maraql? pul oyunudur. Sad?liyi v? yuks?k qazanma nisb?ti il? cox qumarbaz?n ur?yini qazand?.